Computer viruses are presumably a widespread threat, but these are not only and the major problems of cyber security. There is more to learn to understand which ones are and how severe their impact.
Awareness of threats in the cyberspace
If you consider the news, people around the world must take cyber security seriously. According to studies, cyber attacks happen in around 14 to 40 seconds. Plus, a special report of Cybersecurity Ventures cited techy criminals can steal approximately $6 trillion by 2021 and $10.5 trillion by 2025 from victims.
Another alarming thing about these malefactors is they choose no one. They let their bait and methods lead them. Therefore, small and midsize businesses (SMBs) are not immune to online threats. In contrast, it is the other way around. SMBs should avail cyber security measures to avoid online risks. They become easy to target with fragile types or having none at all.
Also, a nagging concern in cyber security is cybercriminals are getting innovative and tactical. They even incorporate emotional or psychological tricks into their strategies. Thus, depending solely on anti-virus is not enough to say you have strong cyber security.
The major threats in cyber security
To give you ideas, here are some significant cyber threats you need to know:
Phishing. It is the modus operandi that deceives a person by signing in to a fake website or app. innocently, the victim reveals the username and password to criminals in doing it. The starting point of phishing is typically through a disturbing email with a link to click. The other forms of this threat are the following:
- Spear-phishing – In this case, the criminal has specific groups or companies to target.
- Whaling – It is the type of phishing that goes after big companies or fish.
- Vishing and smishing – It is when an attacker calls the victim to disclose important information or pay. Smishing, on the other hand, triggers to do similar things but this time by using text.
Malware. Malware is short for malicious software that typically spreads through transferring of files. It could be via email, memory stick, or downloading from a website. Computer viruses are examples of malware, but there are other types that you may encounter.
- Adware – Use of clicking an advertisement to spread malware.
- Scareware – It pops up like an emergency alert that urges a computer user to download software (usually anti-virus) or order a product using credit cards.
- Fileless malware – A threat you can get from an email, even without clicking or downloading anything. It is tricky since it stays in the memory rather than sticking with files, so it’s unidentifiable for anti-malware software.
- Worm – A digital element that can double up by itself and spread from computer to computer with a vulnerable security system
- Spyware – It follows the whereabouts of a user online until the criminal collects juicy details to employ.
- Ransomware. It is like kidnapping the prized data or information on the exchange of money.
Hacking. It is accessing a system or network illegally to control it for personal advantages. A hacker can do with its techniques or employ other methods like spreading spyware first.