You have all heard about the word “ransom,” and we know it is done only by people who wish to gain financial wealth through unlawful means. However, not everyone has heard about the term “ransomware,” and it has become one of the most prominent threats to small and medium enterprises, large corporations, and individual users. Businesses around the world have seen a sharp increase in ransomware attacks as hackers become more complex on how to get through their networks.
Ransomware is a kind of malicious program that withholds the victim’s access to their files or systems. It hijacks the victims’ files or the whole device itself by utilizing strong encryption, then asks the victim to pay a ransom.
Different variants of ransomware have emerged over the years, and they have grown increasingly advanced in their capabilities. Ransomware can spread more quickly now, eluding detection, encrypting files with high encryption, and making victims into pay ransoms.
Ransomware variants have grown increasingly advanced in their capabilities, like spreading faster, encrypting files with strong encryption, avoiding getting caught, and pressuring victims into paying money in exchange for their files.
Ransomware thus limits a user’s access to their personal files or system. It works in a number of ways, but the most common is phishing. Cybercriminals send phishing spam attachments disguised as trustworthy emails. The unsuspecting user thus opens the attachment, which activates a virus which then takes over the user’s device. This user would not be able to access his or her own files.
Other attacks are more vicious. They focus on security breaches in their victim’s systems without having to trick its victims. As soon as the malware takes control of your system, it can do several functions, including encrypting some of your files. Unless you have a mathematical key only available to the attacker, you will not be able to decrypt your files.
The cybercriminal informs you that they took control of your system. Consequently, you cannot access your file. You need to make a cryptocurrency payment that nobody can track.
How to avoid ransomware
Here is how you can prevent ransomware.
- Do not allow administrative access unless you know its functions.
- Regularly update your operating systems.
- Make sure that your operating system is always fixed.
- Always backup your files.
- Protect yourself by installing good antivirus software.
Have peace of mind with Remtek Solutions
Remtek Solutions helps small and medium-sized businesses protect themselves from malicious attacks by hackers.
We provide IT services you can trust, having partnered with industry giants Microsoft and Dato. Our expert professionals can handle everything from cybersecurity to data backup and recovery.
For a free network audit, call us at (888) 307-1953.